THE FOUR FORMS OF CHILD ABUSE
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CATEGORIES OF CHILD ABUSE



Child abuse is divided into four (4) basic categories:

A) PHYSICAL
The infliction on physical injury on a child, including burning,hitting,
punching, shaking, kicking, beating or toherwise harming a child.
The parent or caretaker may not have hurt the child intentionally;
however, the injury is not result of an accident. It may be the result
of over-discipline or physical punishment that is inappropriate to the
child's age.

B) EMOTIONAL

(verbal abuse, mental abuse, psychological abuse)
This includes acts or the failures to act by parents or caretakers that have
caused or could cause serious behavioral, cognitive, emotional, or mental
disorders. This form of abuse may include extreme or bizarre forms of
punishment, such as confinement in a dark room or closet or being tied
to a chair for long periods of time, or threatening or terrorizing a child.
Less severe acts, but very common, yet just as damaging, are belittling or
rejecting treatment, using derogatory terms to describe the child and
habitual scapegoating or blaming. Typical examples of less severe acts
includes comments such as "You're stupid!" or "You're useless!"

C) SEXUAL

Inappropriate sexual behavior with a child including fondling a child's
genitals, making teh child fondle the adult's genitals, inercourse, incest,
rape, sodomy, exhibitionism and sexual exploitation.

D) NEGLECT

Failure to provide the child with the basic physical, educational or
emotional needs. Physcial neglect includes not providing adequate food
or clothing, medical care, supervision or proper shelter. It may also
include abandonment. Educational neglect cinludes the failure to
provide appropriate schooling, allowing excessive truancies and failure
to guide the child's educational development. Psychological neglect may
include the lack of any emotional support or love, never attending to
the child, spousal abuse, substance abuse and allowing the child to
participate in substance abuse.

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